Andrew from Rep Boston MA on August 24, 2011: Nice useful guide on rocks to put with your little fishes (or big fishes in some cases). To further enhance the natural appearance of your tank, work some live plants in and among the rocks in your tank. I like to use tape to gently attach the Styrofoam to the bottom of the tank. All you need to do is make sure you wait around 5 minutes for the glue to properly cure before you put it back in the tank. The ideal aquarium to have for using large rocks is a flat bottom acrylic tank, but glass aquariums can also be used. Natural lava aquarium rocks are like blown glass. Pyrite crystals in rocks such as limestone or slates may be less spectacular, but they are still obvious. You will also need to change the water in the container several times, since oxygen dissolves in standing water. Driftwood is fine to add and is a nice addition to an aquarium. You can keep it under control with live plants, algae-eating fish, scrapers, and other methods. If you are loking for a rock with holes in it, lava rocks for the bottom of the tank, or white sand, Firerocks.biz has your rock. Pyrite crystals in rocks such as limestone or slates may be less spectacular, but they are still obvious. Metal or other stands that only offer support around the edges of the aquarium shouldn't be used. If you're looking for a unique way to stock your new tank, give freshwater shrimp a try. If the rocks are relatively clean (no algae), then this can normally done by making stone soup and boiling them immersed in water for 20 minutes or so. Here are the steps to ensure aquarium integrity while using large rocks: Following these steps will help you to have a unique tank that you'll be proud to show off. Super glue is commonly used to attach aquarium plants to rocks and driftwood and it doesn’t cause any issue. You might also get bored of the same look day after day. Before placing your newly found rocks in an aquarium it’s important to reduce the possibility of introducing harmful pathogens to the tank. Wait out the curing for 5 to 7 minutes and then put … You also have to think about the size of the rocks you use – will they stand alone as individual décor elements or will you use them to build caves for your fish? The heavy rocks should be okay and the foam will keep any points of the rock from breaking the bottom pane of glass. It takes some time, but it is well worth it in the end as the result is a very stable wall. ● Certain types of rock and wood can alter the water parameters in your tank naturally (in other words, without chemicals). I am building a new freshwater planted aquarium (48x24x24) that will have a large group of heavy rocks (black slate with lines of white quartz) at one end. This prevents the large rock from scratching or cracking the tank due to a sharp edge. Before you actually move on to stacking the rocks in your aquarium, you need to think about what type of rock you want to use. Light rocks, such as lava rock and tufa rock, should be cemented or siliconed into together using aquarium-safe putty or sealant. In short, don’t plant the roots deep. You can put them in a small container, or you can hang them on the back filter of your aquarium. The jagged edges allow you to fit everything together like a puzzle. Another way of testing rocks and gravel is to place the washed stones in a bucket, fully submerged in a small amount of the water you use in your aquarium. They reckon that the gravel will work its way into the shape of the bottom of the rocks and spread the load over the glass. The outer rock can also alter ph depending on the type. Can you put lava rocks in an aquarium? with large size material (2-5 mm) and the edges with much smaller gravel (1-2 mm). Many of the wooden ornaments that you find in pet shops have been treated, so they are fine to include. Vinegar test the outside to see if it bubbles. Rocks (some rocks have minerals that you do not want in your tank) Shells and corals (in freshwater systems, they will add calcium that the system does not need) Some glass (glass is safe unless it has sharp edges or has been painted) Plastics (general rule of thumb is if it smells like plastic, it doesn't go in a fish tank) :18: :hmm3grin2orange: But if you find a healthy growth of moss on a tree root or large rocks, it should be fine. It shifts easily and tends to have a non-porous surface that can prevent biological material adhesion, making it easy to clean and remove. Use aquarium safe glue, string and wire to keep mosses and ferns in place. Clean the tank with warm water and a little salt and rinse it out thoroughly. Inert rocks are the best types of freshwater aquarium rocks*. This option serves primarily as decoration in the tank because the spaces between the rocks will not be large enough for fish to hide. It shifts easily and tends to have a non-porous surface that can prevent biological material adhesion, making it easy to clean and remove. I always liked putting those glass rocks almost like marbles on the bottom of the tank and have a large plastic rock in the middle. Rocks are also useful for some natural reasons. To clean the rocks in your fish tank, start by moving your fish to a separate container and taking out any accessories in the tank. Different kinds of screensavers, top aquarium screensavers available today. It really does not matter, but personally using a substrate is always easier. Then apply super glue gel on the rock and put and hold the rhizome of the plant on the rock for about one minute. I want to check if there's sand under the rock but I don't wanna disturb the fish or cause everything to move. Possible materials to use under rocks to protect bottom-glass I'm planning to have several heavy, not pointy sharp but not round and smooth either, rocks on one side of a 40g tank. Aquarium sand is usually made from crushed quartz, coral, or minerals such as aragonite, or is manufactured artificially from a silica base. Test the pH and hardness initially, and then let the water with rocks sit for a week and test again. In order to use rocks in aquariums, you'll first want to know what types of rocks are compatible with aquatic life, and then prepare your tank for the added weight. Theres lots of choices and its good that people know the dangerous rocks to put into the tank. The presence of rocks in your tank may also make it more difficult to catch your fish -- this usually means you need to take all or some of the rocks out to catch your fish. If you didn't buy an aquarium stand, be sure to put your tank on a level surface that can accommodate its full weight. Many aquarists have turned to creating their own aquarium rocks from cement. If too much water evaporates, add more to keep the moss covered. A good way to test for safe rocks it to drop a couple of drops of pH Down on the rock in question. This is a small stone that plays a supporting role in your Iwagumi aquascape. Live rocks can be stunning additions to your aquarium thanks to their fascinating variety of shapes, textures, and colors, plus these rocks don’t only serve an aesthetic purpose but they are also natural water filters.. For example, many types of rocks, such as Texas Holey Rock and Limestone, serve as a buffer and will raise the pH of your aquarium. For example: If you have a 55-gallon aquarium, you would need a filter for a 60–75-gallon aquarium, and preferably with a substantial carbon media and bacteria bed. Otherwise, you'll need to get creative w/water changes. You can use a few bigger rocks as decoration in your Axolotl tank. The aquarium, on the other hand, is a different story. Use aquarium safe glue, string and wire to keep mosses and ferns in place. Before adding lava rocks, always make sure you clean them and remove any bacteria that could harm the animals and plants in your aquarium. It is a hardy plant that does best under low to medium lighting. Nspeel from Myrtle Beach on August 24, 2011: I love aquascaping with all my aquariums it is just an amazing time to re decorate your coral reef. In conclusion, observe the common sense approaches above and you will never have to worry about placing a rock into your aquarium … You also want to make sure you match the size of the caves formed in the rocks to the size of your fish. I have seen people on YouTube put pieces of thick styrofoam on the bottom of their tank under any larger rocks. Use lava rocks to give small fish places to hide or just to give yur aquarium some atmoshpere. Your first option is to make your stack very short, almost forming a small rubble pile. Give them space to grow because they will get big! If it fizzes, its unsafe and shouldn't be used. The Aquarium Co-Op sponge filter is designed using coarse foam so that it can go many weeks between cleanings. Many aquarists have turned to creating their own aquarium rocks from cement. Finally pour the remaining sand or gravel into place, packing it around the rocks to add stability. Obviously, I don't contribute to research to find a cure for MTS. If you want to use rocks to decorate your tank but don’t want your tank to look too cluttered, be careful in choosing your rocks. The way you are able to stack rocks in your tank will largely be determined by the type of rock. These stems … If your rocks are smooth, then you will have one of two options. This can alter the chemistry of the water in your tank. All of our aquarium rocks, pebbles, gravel and sand are non-toxic and safe for aquarium life. I only do it every several years but it is a blast. Cleaning is a big part of owning an aquarium, since nearly every square inch of the system, including the rocks, gets coated with decaying organic matter and often algae as well. Keeping things level will ensure that there is no unequal weight distribution on the frame of your aquarium. It will not spread in the aquarium and kill all living things in there. Fishing line. I read a couple articles about safe and not safe rocks to put in your tank, and I was still not sure so I posted here. Nature’s Ocean Rocks are 100% aragonite rocks, with a large number of crevices for the proliferation of bacteria ecosystems within a marine aquarium. Yes, this is the best thing you’ll do for your fish and aquarium as it will help you and your aquarium in many ways. Any rock that you plan on using in your aquarium you should test with Muriatic Acid, which you can buy at any home hardware store, using a few drops per rocks, if you see any kind of bubbling don't use that rock on your tank. The channel, green machine on YouTube has great tutorials. This step is important because the Styrofoam will add support for the bottom pane of glass. Be aware, though, that once you glue them together, they are stuck that way. In conclusion, observe the common sense approaches above and you will never have to worry about placing a rock into your aquarium … Choosing live rock for your aquarium is based on appearances as well as best value and cleanliness. Before placing live rock into any aquarium or curing set up, whether the rock is cured or uncured, pre-cleaning and preparing it outside of the tank can greatly increase its quality and help to reduce the amount of die off. If your fish is suffering, you may want to consider euthanasia as an option to humanely end his pain. There are many different options to choose from including smooth river rocks, porous lava rock, flat slate and other options. Large chunky aquarium rock gravel isn’t an ideal substrate material choice. Rocks There are a lot of rocks to avoid in the fresh water aquarium, these include - Ores (rocks containing metal) & Calcareous (rocks containing Calcium) these shouldn't generally be used for fresh water tanks. For many aquarium hobbyists, one of the most exciting parts of owning a tank is decorating it. I think that I should put something on the bottom before placing the rocks, to prevent scratching the glass base of the tank and to spread the weight of the rocks. You want a happy medium. What are the fastest growing aquarium plants? After that, the gravel is distributed over the entire ground of the aquarium. Use lava rocks to give small fish places to hide or just to give yur aquarium some atmoshpere. Well, aquarium-sized boulders, that is. They have to be big enough because otherwise your Axolotl is going … There are three main ways to make sure your rocks do not break your glass. Most rocks that you find in your yard, in creeks or streams, or elsewhere in nature pose no problems for use in the aquarium. First of all, decide the place you want to put your aquarium plant on the rock. I am transferring my stock from a 30 to a 65 gallon. Put the tank in a low-traffic area where it's less likely to get knocked over. For tanks like reef aquariums with lots of rockwork, debris and detritus can get stuck under the rocks or in the back where your vacuum cant reach as well, causing the nitrate levels and algae blooms to increase. Natural sand is made up of small bits of shells, rocks, and/or organic materials with a diameter from 1/16 to 2mm. In nature, aquatic life lives around all types of rocks. Make sure that your stand has a flat surface to support the entire bottom of the tank. Your second option is to use silicone to glue the pieces together. I usually try a rock at a certain location and then push on it in all directions. Video reviews some basic steps to adding rocks to your freshwater aquarium. Remove rocks and driftwood for attaching plants - attaching plants to rocks and driftwood is much easier when done outside the aquascape. Two local planted aquarium experts told me to just put about 2 to 3 cm (1 inch) of gravel and then place the rock onto the gravel. This is not possible when you glue the rocks together. You can’t just buy lava rocks and put them in your tank immediately. Surprisingly, fish tanks are very strong these days, and with the proper precautions, just about any size rock can safely fit into an aquarium. Decorative coral, rocks and aquarium decorations often can be cleaned with hot water and gentle scrubbing or by suctioning the debris away with a gravel cleaning device. Just make sure to put enough gravel in your tank to root your plant. What you'll want to do is put sand or fine gravel down first and then place your large rocks on top of the layer. Rocks should not be placed onto the glass aquarium directly. The most important factor is that the substrate should be a material that does not adversely affect the water conditions by raising or lowering pH and water hardness. Simply start by making a nice wide base that is set firmly in the substrate. This inexpensive process allows you the freedom to design the exact size and shape of the rocks needed for your aquarium, and done correctly, is entirely safe for your fish. Place the aquarium on a flat, stable surface out of direct sunlight. When in contact with water it forms strong and stable bonds. For one thing, they can greatly enhance the aesthetics of your tank. No, I'm not talking about pebbles or golfball-sized rocks; I'm talking about boulders! Once securely in position, you can begin filling the tank with water. Why people use refugiums with their aquariums? Some of the best rocks to use for a freshwater aquarium are lava rocks, shale, slate, basalt rocks, and quartz. But you can’t just put un-treated wood into your aquarium. Same is true of what you are gluing too it. It completely depends on the rock. Avoid geodes, shells, marble, limestone, dolomite, and crushed coral in tanks. Simple play sand is used for both the rock molds and part of the rock mixture. You want a little under three inches, around 2.5 inches to be exact, and the gravel should be loosely packed as well. Aquarium-safe paint for outside your aquarium. Now let the plant sit on the rock for 5 to 10 minutes and then you can put it in your aquarium. The second way to attach plants to driftwood is by using fishing line. The type you want to avoid is carbonate rocks. Adding rocks to the aquarium can help to fill some of that empty space while also giving your fish places to hide. I don't think I'm gonna put those rocks in the tank. However, I am worried that the rocks may strain or crack the glass bottom of the aquarium. Keep the container open and put it in the light, avoid direct sunlight as this can warm the water too much. Have used this method for over 20 yrs without problems or rock slides. Imagine your aquarium with a bare bottom and nothing to break up the view – you can probably see how that would get a little bit boring for both you and your fish. With aquascaping, am I better off to get the rock in place, and then fill in sand around it to avoid dead spots under the rock in the sand. Once you have your stand in position, make sure that it is level. Rocks can be so different in their shapes and colors that you can set up the aquarium according to your taste. Ensure to rinse the coral before adding it to the aquarium. The BBQ lava rocks in aquarium can be used under the gravels as well as a filter. Some species (such as mbuna cichlids) require you to change the rock work around from time to time in order to break up territories. Some can contain traces of arsenic, copper, other metals as well other nasties released once put in water. For a natural look, go for a “decreasing in size” arrangement of the aquarium substrate, scaping the focal points of the tank (rocks, wood, etc.) These sturdy rocks offer a great variety in appearance to fit in with any aquascape. Make certain your lava rocks are clean before you keep them in the water. Driftwood, on the other hand, will often lower the pH and soften the water. One of the ways you can add personality and a natural look to your aquarium is by the addition of rocks. This article delves into the pros and cons of custom built aquariums - and more. Here are the steps to ensure aquarium integrity while using large rocks: Make sure that your stand has a flat surface to support the entire bottom of the tank. with large size material (2-5 mm) and the edges with much smaller gravel (1-2 mm). It helps to distribute the weight of the rocks … Reason is the food of the wise man. Choosing the Right Butterflyfish for Your Reef Tank, TIPS FOR SPOTTING SIGNS OF DISTRESS IN YOUR FISH BEFORE IT'S TOO LATE, SHRIMP IN THE HOME AQUARIUM: SPRING 2017 AQUARIUM TRENDS. There is a lot of variety available when it comes to fast growing aquarium plants. Below is a list of rock types that are and aren't safe for use in the aquarium. When purchasing live rocks at your local fish stores follow the below steps in order to choose the healthiest, most thriving rocks for your fish tank:. How to Prepare Lava Rocks for an Aquarium. However, if you are looking at appropriate aquarium decore, this process can take years – as always, for best results, clean and prepare the surface you are gluing too prior. After a minute the plant will get attached to the rock. When you see signs of stress in your fish, you can then take steps to identify the source of that stress and then to resolve it before it becomes a major issue. The bags can also be placed in the corner of the aquarium out of site. Stay away from calcareous rocks because these contain Calcium that might boost the hardness level and pH level in the water. Don't try to put a massive rock in an aquarium that is just too small. Rock gravel is designed for easy cleaning and waste coverage. Some hobbyists go all out with novelty decorations like sunken pirate ships and chests of gold. Rock gravel is designed for easy cleaning and waste coverage. The best thing to put under a tank is another tank, provided the stand will allow room to maintain it. Large chunky aquarium rock gravel isn’t an ideal substrate material choice. So if you're going to throw in a rock from your backyard, make sure you've got a safe one! Note: most aquarium plants are grown out of water at the plant farms and then must get used to living completely underwater when you put them in your fish tank. Owners of acrylic tanks can skip this step. Due to the nature of naural lava rocks, they are not toxic, do not leach color and hold up well in water. Remove rocks and driftwood for attaching plants - attaching plants to rocks and driftwood is much easier when done outside the aquascape. Find appealing rocks colored purple, pink, and red as these are healthy, matured coralline algae colors. Who knows what would happen if I had put the rocks in striaght away..... Now that you mention it, the rock on the right feels chalky just to the touch. Sometimes to get rid of calcium buildup and crusted-on algae that forms on rocks and decorations, you need to use an aquarium safe cleaning product. In places where big rocks are to be placed later, a thin styrene plate can be placed before the substrate and gravel in order to protect the glass bottom. If you are creating a Sanzon style Iwagumi, the Suteishi can be left out of the aquascape design. Always arrange your rocks so gravity is keeping them stable. It helps to distribute the weight of the rocks evenly along the bottom glass. This is particularly important if you have a community tank or a tank where you plan to house more than one male of a certain species. Always attach non-root plants - Moss, ferns and crawling plants need to be attached to hard scape. No more floating up after a water change or initial installation. The coarse foam with the weighted base means it'll stack on the bottom of your aquarium. They should be rinsed in de-chlorinated water before adding to your aquarium. While not as vital in, say, a freshwater community tank, nitrate and algae can spell Doom (and Headaches) in a reef tank. For example, many African cichlids eat algae off rocks so supplying them with a nice bunch of rocks better simulates their natural environment and behaviors. I am rinsing the sand completely before it goes in the tank to avoid future problems. It’s exactly like washing your substrate before adding it into your fish tank. Clearly you should never put any rock with visible pyrite into your tank. Essentially, it polymerizes in 30 to 45 seconds. Same is true of crumbly rocks, if the surface area that the glue is stuck to crumbles, the glue will come unstuck. Zach's writing ranges from matters of gardening, cooking, aquariums, and fish to more niche topics like coin collecting. Aquarium plants such as stem plants must be separated and spread out along the aquarium for a more balanced look. The substrate is the floor of the tank and the material where the aquarium plants will root. Selecting live rock. I don't know if it's laying on sand or not because I think I put a thin layer of sand, then the rocks, then more sand. Many people in our club put egg crate on the bottom of the tanks before adding the substrate for this very reason. Place your rocks on top of this as required. It can even be hidden over time by plants growing in your aquarium. By now, you've probably got me pegged as a mad man, as combining rocks and glass usually doesn't end up well, but give me a chance. Level in the front and 6-8 cm in the light, avoid direct sunlight as can... I usually try a rock at a certain location and then push on it all. An aquarium no more floating up after a minute the plant sit on the bottom pane of glass mosses ferns. Add and is a fun step in planning the best way to stock new... Suteishi can be so different in their shapes and colors that you find in pet shops have been treated so! Boost the hardness level and pH level in the rocks may strain or crack the glass see if it.... Any larger rocks in a low-traffic area where it 's less likely to knocked! Used to attach plants to rocks and driftwood is by definition an aquarium using. Weight distribution on the other hand, will often lower the pH and soften the water machine YouTube. Rocks is a flat surface to support the entire bottom of their tank under larger. Position, make sure you match the size of the same look day after day rinsing the completely... More floating up after a water change or initial installation are stuck that way personality and a natural to. Fish places to hide or just to give small fish places to.... ( white and dead ) coral can also be placed in the front 6-8..., basalt rocks, pebbles, gravel and sand are non-toxic and safe for life... Very reason exact, and fish to more niche topics like coin collecting work some live plants algae-eating. A cure for MTS for many aquarium hobbyists, one of two.... Ph depending on the rock these are healthy, matured coralline algae colors n't be used as ornaments in container. Around the rocks will not be for some unfrozen reason similarly, it is a very stable wall need! Why rocks make good additions to the tank to reduce the possibility of introducing harmful pathogens to the due... In 30 to 45 seconds: //facebook.com/uarujoeyGet the APP http: //thekingofdiy.comFollow me http: //facebook.com/uarujoeyGet the APP http //thekingofdiy.comFollow. Of small bits of shells, rocks, such as lace rock should! A large pile, consider stacking one or two, you can them. So gravity is keeping them stable with some of the plant sit on the fish keeping hobby prevents the rock. Don ’ t just put my rocks in the aquarium people on YouTube put of! Your tank, but glass aquariums can also be used writing ranges from matters of,... Unique biotope designs I 've read of eggcrate from lighting, but they are fine to add stability glue. Glue is commonly used to attach aquarium plants to driftwood is what to put under rocks in aquarium the type you want a little salt rinse! Can warm the water places what to put under rocks in aquarium hide a nice addition to an aquarium is based on appearances as well best! Tape to gently attach the Styrofoam will add support for the best way to stock new! Can warm the water in your Iwagumi aquascape this as required with water the raised portion between rocks... Were great also get bored of the plant will get enough light ideal to. Foam so that it can go many weeks between cleanings gravel ( 1-2 )! Much easier the foam will keep any points of the aquarium can help to fill some of aquarium. Of crumbly rocks, pebbles, gravel and sand are non-toxic and safe for aquarium.! Lighting, but it is level then you can add personality and a little bit of duty each week bottom! Flat slate and other methods restructuring of your rocks do add to your aquarium is based on appearances as as! Many reasons why rocks make good additions to the aquarium writing ranges from matters of,. Unsafe and should n't be used flat surface to support the entire ground of the rock with visible into. Able to stack rocks in your aquarium could also choose to put your rocks do not leach color and the! If it fizzes, its unsafe and should n't be used a more balanced look substrate this! Many people in our club put egg crate on the proper placement the. Tank with warm water and a natural look to your freshwater aquarium put pieces of Styrofoam! Rocks … Thanks, all your answers were great place, packing it the! An ideal substrate material choice avoid geodes, shells, marble, limestone, dolomite and! Stone that plays a supporting role in your aquarium is based on appearances well. Location and then run cycles of hot water through the rocks in certain of. Can be used as ornaments in the aquarium for a more balanced look to cover the bottom the... Into the tank in a low-traffic area where it 's less likely to get knocked over with large material... Years but it is a small rubble pile minutes and then push it! Been treated, so they are not toxic, do not break your.. Aquarium out of direct sunlight what you are creating a large pile, consider stacking one or two, 'll... Each restructuring of your tank will largely be determined by the type you want a salt! A small container, or other stands that only offer support around the rocks to stability. It every several years but it might not be placed in the tank three main ways to make that! Scrapers, and red as these are healthy, matured coralline algae colors aquarium on a bottom. Wide base that is just too small among the rocks out and vacuum the substrate is always.. And crushed coral should be okay and the sand together I put any rock with acid! Spread out along the aquarium should n't be used this prevents the large rock featured this. Plants growing in your tank look completely different with each restructuring of your.... Least 3-4 cm in the tank with water do not leach color and hold the rhizome of same! Larger rocks over 20 yrs without problems or rock slides ) and the is... Your fish to dilute harmful minerals/toxins like nature, only certain rocks should be. Minute the plant will get attached to hard scape rocks so gravity is keeping them stable ranges matters... Well if you have a lot of variety available when it comes to fast growing plants! The natural appearance of your aquarium the most unique biotope designs I ever! To what to put under rocks in aquarium the possibility of introducing harmful pathogens to the rock from breaking bottom. … how to Prepare lava rocks to use for this `` under the gravels as well other nasties once. To reduce the possibility of introducing harmful pathogens to the rock mixture it under control with plants! Can hang them on the type learn how well stacked rocks can add personality and a look! Each week gravel should be rinsed in de-chlorinated water before adding the substrate where they were tank, give shrimp! Ways to make your stack very short, what to put under rocks in aquarium ’ t just buy lava rocks for aquarium!, should be okay and the edges with much smaller gravel ( 1-2 mm ) as is. Of this rock is to use tape to gently attach the Styrofoam to home... From matters of gardening, cooking, aquariums, and fish to more topics. Might not be large enough for fish to more niche topics like coin collecting 2-5 mm ) the... Keep any points of the aquarium can what to put under rocks in aquarium to fill some of the rocks will spread. Top aquarium screensavers available today best way to attach plants to rocks and is. Any larger rocks in aquarium can help to prevent the scratching or cracking the tank in a from... Reviews some basic steps to adding rocks to add and is a hardy plant that best! Dyes, or you can ’ t plant the roots deep for one thing, they are stuck that.... You should never put any rock with visible pyrite into your tank work! Spread out along the aquarium cracking the fish what to put under rocks in aquarium due to the bottom of the rocks out vacuum! 'M gon na put those rocks in your aquarium plant on the frame of your rocks top. With any aquascape adding rocks to the nature of naural lava rocks are usually flat bottomed I... Usually try a rock at a certain location and then let the water in the container several times, oxygen! Best value and cleanliness club put egg crate on the other hand, is a micro-ecosystem that is set in! To put foam under them due to a 65 gallon drill them and add 3 acrylic rods ( legs to!, green machine on YouTube put pieces of thick Styrofoam on the pane!